Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is similar to IVF with a small but vital difference. Doctors will select healthy sperm and directly inject it into the female’s egg, hence forcing it to fertilize.
Under many circumstances, genetic disorder plays a big role in infertility, but the health of the male sperm is another major factor too.
Hyaluronic acid is a kind of glycosaminoglycan, it can be found around the egg naturally. Laboratory experiment has found that immature or non-healthy sperm will have difficulties binding onto hyaluronic acid, while mature and healthy sperm can and will bind with it. Hence this process ensures the healthiest sperm are found and greatly increases the rate of success.
Another way of finding healthy sperm is through Ultra high magnification sperm selection. Doctors will screen the sperm at 6000X fold, and by observing them, the doctor will easily find out the healthiest sperm.
Apparently, the quality of sperm plays a large role in having a healthy embryo, decreasing the rate of abortion and increasing the rate of normal growth. Hence ICSI is the perfect solution for people who wants to ensure they are enjoying the above advantages.